United Nations Liaison and Representational Offices

United Nations Liaison and Representational Offices Partnership between the AU and UN was formalised in a Cooperation Agreement between the OAU and UN in 1990. In November 2006, the Chairperson of the AU Commission and the Secretary-General of the UN signed the Declaration ‘Enhancing UN–AU Cooperation: Framework for the ten-year capacity building programme for the African Union’. The Framework provides for extensive areas of cooperation including: peace and security (including crime prevention); assistance in institution building and political and electoral matters; peacekeeping operations; governance, human rights and the rule of law; peace- building; humanitarian response, recovery and food security; social, cultural and health issues; and the environment. (See www.un.org/en/documents, document A/61/630.)

While most UN agencies, funds and programmes have been present in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for some time, a dedicated UN Office to the African Union (UNOAU) was established in July
2010. The focus of the Office is to enhance the strategic partnership of both organisations on peace and security issues and to provide coordinated and coherent UN support to the AU on short-term operational and planning matters and long-term capacity building. Haile Menkerios, South Africa, was appointed by the UN Secretary-General in May 2013 as head of the Office and Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to the African Union.

UN representation and programmes based in Addis Ababa include the:

- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
- Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
- UN Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
- UN Development Programme (UNDP)
- UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
- UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
- UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
- UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
- UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
- UN Office to the African Union (UNOAU)
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
- UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
- UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women)
- Universal Postal Union (UPU)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- World Health Organization (WHO).
- The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and
- World Bank are also represented in Addis Ababa.